The Day of Kings – Brioche des Rois vs Galette des Rois

January6, 2017
by Eric Fraudeau

The 6th of January marks the Epiphany for Christians worldwide and as France’s history is steeped in Christian culture, you will find that many present day traditions which emerged from France’s rich religious past, are still followed – at least symbolically and particularly when there is food involved. So it is for the day of kings (three kings if we want to be really specific). As you can imagine with many of France’s traditional celebrations, there is food evolved, this time in the form of the galette des rois and the brioche des rois. Chef Eric tells us a bit about the food behind this day.

galette des rois

photo: pixabay


Instead of the regular and classic Pithiviers (galettes des Rois) made with puff pastry and almond paste filling that many of you are already familiar with, we chose this year to make the Brioche des Rois.

As usual in France, the same tradition can change at the table depend on what region of the country you happen to live in. In this case whether you are North or South.

Yes all over France we celebrate ‘’les Rois’’, but in the south especially, they serve a Brioche, flavoured with orange blossom essence and topped with candied fruits….

brioche des rois

Brioche des Rois prior to baking


The tradition is the same, you invite over friends or family and…

The youngest person in the group, goes under the table and decides who gets the piece of cake that has been cut.

Then everybody enjoys the cake, one of the happy guests will surely find ‘’la fève’’, (fève: because it use to be a dry bean and now the fève is a small ceramic figurine, or a coin (in gold if possible), and is justly rewarded.

The person who has the fève is the new King or Queen for the day … He or She can choose his Queen or King (we are modern after all in France) and then we coronate them.

Finally the person who got the fève has to buy or bake a new galette or brioche des Rois the following week and invite the same group of people over – what can I say we hate to see the feast end.

Sometimes you get lucky and get invited 2 or 3 times during the month of January… in February it is over – you can finally start that New Year’s resolution.

I recommend drinking a light tea with a galette des Rois.

If you would like to make your very own delicious Brioche des Rois, you’ll want to grab my recipe below:

Brioche des Rois


Prep Time
20 min

Cooking Time
40 Min


All Seasons


280 gr. / 9.9 oz. all purpose flour
15 gr. / 0.5 oz. Fresh Yeast
80 gr. / 2.8 oz. Warm milk
1 egg
120 gr. / 4.2 oz. Sugar
2 pinch of salt
90 gr. / 3.2 oz. Soft butter (not liquid) into small cubes
Coarse sugar
1 bean or a tiny figurine
100 gr. / 3.5 oz. Candied fruits


The day before:

Mix the warm milk with fresh yeast, let rest 10 minutes.

Mix using a kitchenmaid with a dough hook or knead by hand, all the ingredients except the butter. Make a nice soft ball and let rest 10 minutes.
Add the butter, mix well (or knead well by hand), and let rest in a bowl in the fridge overnight.

The day you bake & serve it:

Take it out of the fridge and let rest 30 minutes, knead again, add the bean and make a large crown (like a big bagel)

Brush the dough with a little bit of cold milk and add the sugar and the candied fruits.

Let ‘proof’ 2 hours at room temp, avoid any cold air. (I did it in the cold oven with a bowl of hot water to warm up).

Then remove the bowl of water (if you used my technic), and start baking at 160 celsius (325ºF) for 20 minutes, then 20 more minutes at 180 celsius (350ºF). Yes I know, we start the cooking in a cold oven… IT WORKS no worries.

Remove from the oven and let your brioche cool down on a rack and serve with a good tea…


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Chef Eric Fraudeau

Blogger Eric, Chef Instructor, current, Instructor, Owner

Chef Eric Fraudeau, instructor and owner of Cook’n With Class, brings over 30 years of professional culinary experience acquired both in France and abroad. He enjoys sharing his passion for and knowledge in French cuisine with visiting travelers.


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